This project, which is under implementation in India and consists of operational research and development for the establishment of the optimum parameters for a commercially feasible production process using cotton by-produce. The project aims at the value addition for cotton farming by demonstrating the utility of cotton stalk residues in commercial fibre board production. Utilisation of this renewable lignocellulosic material in particle board or binderless board industries as an alternative to forest-based wood will also be a significant contribution to arrest deforestation in India, which is posing a considerable environmental threat. The project aims to evaluate the organisation of collection, storage and pre-processing of cotton stalk for industrial use as well as to demonstrate the techno-economic feasibility to board manufacturers and investors. If successfully implemented, the sale of cotton stalks is estimated to increase cotton small farmers' income by around 5% and create industries and jobs in the rural areas of India.