The main objective of this project is to enhance crop yields of the smallholder olive farmers in Morocco and Syria, through the optimisation of water management practices applied to olive cultivation. Improved and more stable olive yields will then turn in to improved earnings and livelihood for the small holder olive farmers targeted by the project. The project demonstrates sustainable irrigation technologies and water management practices adding value to the commodity in terms of the productivity of olives and the quality of olive oil. Four pilot demonstration fields have been set up in both countries in significant olive-growing areas of differing soil and climatic conditions, where rainfed or traditional irrigation methods now prevail. The project transfers best practices and know how in the four locations via systematic training sessions and distribution of technical manuals. A minimum of 400 farmers will be targeted during field days. Extension officers will be trained in rational irrigation management practices in order to tutor the farmers in the adoption and replication on field of the proposed water management practices. Project operations have started in May 2010. While in Morocco project activities are been implemented as per the approved work plan, in Syria they have been delayed by the political unrest which is affecting the country since April 2011.