The objective of the project was to raise productivity of olive farming in the target countries (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Eypt and Turkey) to a level which would offset running costs and leaves the producer with what is considered a satisfactory net profit margin under current socio-economic conditions. This productivity threshold is when productivity reaches 2000 kg of olives per hectare. The project introduced appropriate technical measures to double this threshold. The project was performed in two stages: during the first stage, a number of crossbreeding trials were conducted in research centres and, in the second stage, best performing varieties were chosen for field trials and evaluation in different countries. Cross-breeding led to increased oil content and quality.