The overall objective of the project is to enhance incomes and livelihoods in the sugar sector through the establishment of a sugar cane variety improvement programme. The programme involves the importation, evaluation and selection of adaptable high yielding cane varieties to replace the pool of poorly performing varieties currently in use in both Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire. This initiative will contribute to a reliable supply of improved sugarcane raw materials to existing and new sugar projects which will in turn generate rural employment and generally enhance the socioeconomic circumstances in the cane growing communities of the participating countries.The project will focus on the provision of improved varieties of sugarcane for farmers. This will ensure the realization of more cane and sugar tonnage per hectare which will in turn lead to enhanced incomes for the farmers. The versatility of the crop makes it very useful for the production of not only sugar but also ethanol and electricity generation which are added advantages of the adoption of this commodity approach. The problem of poorly performing sugarcane varieties affects the whole of the West Africa sub-region. Each country has attempted to solve this problem individually. Through this project regional collaboration in addressing this problem is promoted and this is in itself is a tangible contribution to the increase in productivity of the African sugar sector.